|About House of Windsor
Historically, members of Royal families had no need for 'surnames', as Kings and princes were
known by the names of the countries over which they and their families ruled. Kings and queens
therefore signed themselves by their first names only, a tradition in the United Kingdom which has
continued to the present day (see style and title).
Members of the British Royal family had no surname before 1917, but only the name of the
dynasty to which they belonged. The names of dynasties tended to change when the line of
succession was taken by a rival faction within the family (e.g. Henry IV and the Lancastrians,
Edward IV and the Yorkists, Henry VII and the Tudors), or when succession passed to a different
family branch through females (e.g. Henry II and the Angevins, James I and the Stuarts,
George I and the Hanoverians).
Just as children can take their surnames from their father, so sovereigns normally take the
name of their 'House' from their father. For this reason, Queen Victoria's eldest son Edward VII
belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (the family name of his father Prince Albert). Edward
VII's son George V became the second king of that dynasty when he succeeded to the throne in 1910.